The Power of Resistance


There are many influences competing for our attention – both visible and invisible.

The human form is consciousness that walks this planet over the period of a life span. It is the union of the invisible consciousness with the visible form.

We are coming toward the end of  the Age of Pisces, the fish (two)-duality; an age which Jesus Christ inaugurated by “fishing for the elect.” (Math.4:19).

All of us are affected by outside influences, be they on the physical or invisible plane. However, it is the influences from outside ourselves that appear to enable an understanding of things both physical and spiritual.

 It may be of interest to briefly discuss one unseen product of technological development that has benefited many (but not all) peoples on this planet – EL-ECTRICITY – a coincidence that it was given this name? Not if we can use it as an analogy – a comparison between its properties and the unseen influences that can either inspire the mind (for good or the not so good) or depress and dispirit the mind. Mental health problems appear to be rapidly increasing in many so-called advanced societies!

What is El-ectricity?

 No one can give an explanation of what electricity actually is – a definition – the best we can achieve is: ‘a form of energy (power source) resulting from the existence of charged particles (such as electrons or protons), either statically as an accumulation of charge or dynamically as a current.

We can not SEE electricity but we can see, feel and hear the effects of its usage in many different fields of application. This form of energy has always, potentially, been available to mankind, but it is only relatively recently, historically (known history), that the means to do so were developed.

We can explain how it is produced – often called generation – but perhaps the word harnessed would be more appropriate?

We can also explain and see how electricity is stored, distributed and used.

 A form of invisible energy that has the POTENTIAL to work wonders in the visible world. However, this unseen energy requires massive investment in physical (visible) equipment to enable it to be harnessed, distributed and used. Not only must we have equipment but it needs to be correctly dimensioned and produced from certain materials (conductors) that allow the efficient flow of this energy, along with materials that prevent the energy from returning to its source.  Unfortunately, this energy is not easily held captive in the physical world – it is continually seeking the easiest and quickest way back to its source – in this case EARTH.

The whole electrical network from harnessing to the final end use has to be heavily INSULATED. In other words, to enable electricity to do work efficiently the components of the entire system need to be shielded from outside influences (attractions)

 Eph.6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. 13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand…16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.

 Certain physical materials (conductive) are very receptive to this invisible energy and will accept and transmit its potential over short or long distances. Certain other types of physical materials (insulators) will not accept, but will reject (resist) its acceptance and transmission.

Yet other types of physical materials are somewhere in between – it takes a little longer and requires increased input to achieve flow.


 A pure semi-conductor is a poor electrical conductor. However, they have a number of unique properties, one of which is the ability to change their conductivity by the addition of impurities or by interaction with another phenomenon, such as an electric field or light.

The advent of the semi-conductor really revolutionized the EL-ECTRONICS industry.

Semiconductors made it possible to miniaturize electronic components. Not only does miniaturization mean that the components take up less space, it also means that they operate faster and require less energy. I am writing this posting with the aid of a computer – just one example of their use. The creation of the computer itself may have something to teach us about our own creation – but we will not investigate that here.


Pure water is a non-electrolyte (non-conductor of electricity) due to absence of mobile ions. However, if, for example, salt (added impurity) is mixed with the pure water, it will become an electrolyte and a conductor of electricity due to the presence of mobile ions.

We could perhaps liken a physical material’s acceptance (or not) of electrical energy to the invisible spiritual energy that can also POTENTIALLY create the seeds of understanding and development in mankind – we as individuals also exhibit varying degrees of resistance and many people are excellent insulators.

Luke 4:23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

 Luke 4:32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.

 Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

Impure Heart

Perhaps impurity of the heart (mind) is that which attracts the spirit(s) – the physician is able to cure him/her self? The resistance (influence of worldly attractions) of the individual mind may govern the degree of conductivity? The frequency the mind is operating on at any given moment would also appear to govern the type of spirit that is attracted.

The evangelical preacher (not all of course) appears to be a good example of resistance and frequency combined – we have all seen or heard the spirit induced ranting of the red hot preacher on a red hot frequency – hot under the collar and with an audience in wild ecstasy – ‘hallelujah’, ‘born again’(?), speaking in tongues(?) and saving souls(?)  – All fired up!

Just like the high resistance electrical appliance designed to overheat – radiant heat. It burns if you get too close.

 Sound, Energy and The Word 

 The Word, could be a symbol which represents all the cyclic energies which are expressing God’s spoken thought, design, and order. All life giving energies come from a common source, but they vary in frequency (many) and strength (amplitude); they’re all expressions of God’s energy at different frequencies depending on what He wishes to say. That makes each of us, in effect, a ‘Word’.  Our purpose is perhaps to express (in different forms) what He wishes to say and what He wishes us to do to enhance our spiritual development. If we focus too much of our life on worldly matters (lower frequencies), then we are not a clear channel for 2-way communication. It is therefore apparent that more than a single frequency is required if all forms of expression are to be utilized.

Heb. 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds (ages or aeon) were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear

Framed – Strong’s G2675 – katartizō – to render, i.e. to fit, sound, complete.

Including the creation of the single parts and the harmonious organization of the whole, and the continual providence which maintains the whole throughout all ages.

Word of God – not here, the personal word (Greek, logos, John 1:1) – but the spoken word (Greek, rhema); though by the instrumentality of the personal word.




Has the bulla(seal) of the prophet Isaiah been found?

The following URL leads to an very interesting article written by By Brad Macdonald , February 21, 2018, on behalf of

The archaeologist Eilat Mazar, has been excavating in Jerusalem for a number of years, following in her father′s footsteps.

Well worth a read



Eternal Life or Everlasting Punishment?

There is a good deal of confusion about the meaning of the words Eternal and Everlasting when referring to Scriptural texts. Especially what is meant by Eternal Life and/or Eternal Punishment. Some people take these two phrases to literally mean what they appear to say – but is that a correct interpretation of what the Scriptures reveal to us?

We need to be careful to read these words in the context of the passage being studied – and to understand their meaning in the context of the original language they were translated from.

An example from the Old Testament:

Deut.33:27 The eternal (qedem) God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting (`owlam) arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them.

Qedem : ancient time, aforetime, ancient, from of old, earliest time

In the New Testament, the word eternal is translated from various forms of the Greek word aiōnios. This adjective is derived from the Greek noun aiōn, which is often translated ever, forever, evermore, or eternity in the New Testament. However, it is also translated world and age in a few other passages of Scripture.

Let’s look at just a few examples from each of the two testaments:

New Testament

Math. 19:16 And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal (aiōnios) life (zōē)?

Math. 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting (aiōnios) fire (pyr), prepared for the devil and his angels:

Math.25.46 And these shall go away into everlasting (aiōnios) punishment (kolasis): but the righteous into life ( zōē) eternal (aiōnios)

Old Testament

The Hebrew word `owlam is the equivalent of the Greek word aiōn in the Old Testament.

Isaiah 60:15 Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal (`owlam ) excellency, a joy of many generations.

Gen.9.16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting (`owlam ) covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.

Isaiah 30:8 Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever (`ad) and ever (`owlam):

Aiōnios – From the root word – aiōn

Meaning: An unbroken age; period of time; age.

It signifies any period in the course of events. Examples: as the period or age before Christ; the period of the millennium; the mythological period before the beginnings of generally accepted hi(s)tory.

The word always means a period of time and not of eternity. Otherwise it would be difficult to account for the plural, or for such expressions as this age, or the age to come.  It does not appear to mean something endless or everlasting?

The length of an aiōn depends on the subject to which it is attached. It is sometimes translated world; – world, representing a period or a series of periods of time, world ages.

In both common and classical Greek this word appears to simply refer to an unspecified, but finite, period of time.

When the Old Testament was translated from Hebrew into Greek by the Seventy [Jewish translators of the Septuagint], the word aiōn had been in common use for centuries. It is unlikely (but not impossible?) that the Seventy would translate the Hebrew word `owlam to the Greek word  aiōn and give it a different meaning. It would therefore appear that the Hebrew word`owlam in the Old Testament means exactly what the Greek word aiōn means in the New?


Probably derived from ‘alam , to hide, thus pointing to what is hidden in the distant future or the distant past. . . .  generally translates ‘olam by  aiōn which has essentially the same range of meaning. That neither the Hebrew nor the Greek word in itself contains the idea of endlessness is shown both by the fact that they sometimes refer to events or conditions that occurred at a definite point in the past, and also by the fact that sometimes it is thought desirable to repeat the word, not merely saying “forever,” but “forever and ever.” Both words came to be used to refer to a long age or period . . . (The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT))

For Ever and Ever

Exodus 15:18 The LORD shall reign for ever (`owlam) and ever (`ad ).

`Ad – ancient (of past time), for ever (of future time)

Heb.6:20 Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever (aiōn) after the order of Melchisedec.

 Forever and a Day

Many people believe that ‘for ever and a day’ is a dramatic construct with no literal meaning – for ever is for ever, we can’t add days to it.

William Shakespeare used this word construction in The Taming of the Shrew:

BIONDELLO:   I cannot tell; expect they are busied about a
counterfeit assurance: take you assurance of her,
‘cum privilegio ad imprimendum solum:’ to the
church; take the priest, clerk, and some sufficient
honest witnesses: If this be not that you look for,
I have no more to say, But bid Bianca farewell for
ever and a day.

And yet again in As You Like It:

ROSALIND: Now tell me how long you would have her after you have possessed her.
ORLANDO: For ever and a day.

Shakespeare chose words carefully and to great effect – it is reasonable to assume that he knew what he was attempting to reveal to the public.

Perhaps we too can understand what he was attempting to convey by understanding Scripture? – The meaning of For Ever we have already briefly covered, but what about a day?

2 Peter 3:8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

Perhaps Forever and a Day is just another way of stating – aiōn + millennium.

The total period of TIME covered in God’s Plan for this earth and all that live on it – as much as is revealed.


It should be clear from the above that the English words eternal, everlasting and  forever, when used in Scripture do not necessarily mean endless, or, without beginning or end.


Sons of God

pexels-photo-272337All Scriptural quotes are from the KJV unless otherwise stated

Further research into Deuteronomy 32:8,9. The results are posted below. As is often the case when Biblical study is undertaken, we find a plethora of different translations of the Holy Bible – not to mention the Apocryphal texts. There are so many learned discussions and disagreements on almost all aspects of the Biblical texts that I have attempted to ignore most of them – not always successfully I might add! Additionally, not being myself an expert in any of the Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic and Latin languages, one by necessity is required to accept (not always willingly it must be said) the results of others who declare themselves to be such experts.

I have strayed into areas I had no intention of entering when I first set–out on this journey. A pamphlet rather than a blog posting would have been a more appropriate vehicle for this considering its length.

Has the journey borne fruit? Well, I don′t believe that I have completed the journey. I give NO definitive answers but attempt to adhere to the advice given to us all in 1 Thessalonians 5.21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.

I leave the interested reader to reach their own conclusions, for I have by no means exhausted the research potential of these two verses of Deuteronomy. We may return to them in the coming future.

Deuteronomy 32:8,9, When the most High (עֶלְיוֹן‘elyown) divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam (אָדָם man, mankind), he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. 9 For the LORD’S (יְהֹוָהYĕhovah) portion [is] his people; Jacob [is] the lot of his inheritance.

The above verses are as translated in the King James Version of the Holy Bible. However, if we take a look at translations from other Bible versions we find a quite different, and perhaps more correct statement, regarding how the bounds of the people were divided?

Deut.32.8 When the Most High divided the nations, when he separated the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the nations according to the number of the angels of God.

32.8 When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of men, he fixed the bounds of the people according to the number of the sons of God.

32.8 When the Most High apportioned the nations, when he divided humankind, he fixed the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the gods;

Deuteronomy 32 from Scroll 4Q45 PaleoDeuteronomy

32.8 When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the children of men, he set the bounds of the peoples according to the number of the children of Israel.


32.8  When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when He separated the children of men, He set the borders of the peoples according to the number of the children of Israel.

Complete Jewish Bible (CJB)

32.8 “When ‘Elyon gave each nation its heritage, when he divided the human race,
he assigned the boundaries of peoples according to Isra’el’s population;

We see quite a variation in translation in the above quotes from only a few Bible versions. We could go into a long and expansive discussion on which, if any, of them are deemed to be the correct translation. Indeed, if the interested reader cares to research the topic they will find that it has been the subject of much debate.

As I stated in an earlier posting Concerning the division of the nations – The descendants of Noah are believed to have divided them by divine direction?  Gen.10:1-5, could be used to verify this statement.  However, the children of Israel (Jacob) were not in existence at that time, but as it is Moses who is given credit for writing the book of Deuteronomy then the children of Israel would have existed in his day.

Instead of speculative analysis we can look for any supporting evidence in the Holy Bible (here a little there a little) that suggests that one of the above translations may be the correct one?

We begin our journey at the Tower of Babel.

Genesis 11.5 And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded. 6 And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. 7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.

The word us – beney ha’elohim in above verse is the same translation of the word us in Gen.3.22 And the LORD (Yĕhovah) God (‘elohiym) said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

In Genesis 11 it is revealed that Yĕhovah came down (from where – heaven?) in order to confuse the language and to separate the people by boundaries – or into nations. These people were the descendants of Adam through Noah and his sons, who survived the flood.  Genesis 10.1 Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.

We can see that the various Bible translations appear to agree on the generations of the sons of Noah, although not identically translated  – sons of Adam, human race, children of men, sons of men, humankind.

Where the Masoretic Text  (which  is the authoritative Hebrew and Aramaic text of the Tanakh) differs from the Septuagint LXX ( which is a Koine Greek translation of a Hebraic textual tradition that included certain texts which were later included in the canonical Hebrew Bible) is in the way the boundaries of the people were set!

The people may have been divided into 70 groups or nations as stated in Genesis Chpt. 10 – descendants of Noah?

There are several separate works of the apocryphal Book of Jasher. All composed much later than Biblical times – give a somewhat different rendering of the division of the nations.

Jasher 9.32 And God (Yĕhovah) said to the seventy angels who stood foremost before him, to those who were near to him, saying, Come let us descend and confuse their tongues, that one man shall not understand the language of his neighbour, and they did so unto them.

How much credence we should give to this rendering of the division of the nations is open to debate. The Book of Jasher is mentioned in two verses of the KJV – Joshua 10.13 and 2 Samuel 1.18. However, it is debatable as to whether the Books of Jasher currently in circulation are the original texts as mentioned in the KJV?

Jasher does, however, support the translation given in the Septuagint LXX. The RSV and the NRSV translate to the number of the sons of god and the number of the gods, respectively. We therefore need to ask the question – Are angels to be equated with the sons of god? We will return to this question a little later.

It is interesting to note that the number of angels as stated in the Jasher account tally exactly with the number – 70 –  of the descendants of the sons of Adam, or actually the descendants of Noah in Genesis Chpt. 10. It should also be noted that Jacob, or Israel, is not named as one of the 70 descendants of Noah. It would therefore appear that the setting of the boundaries of the people according to the number of the children of Israel is rather out of context with the time period the text of Deuteronomy 32 appears to be referring to?

It should also be remembered that it was universally accepted in the ancient world that individual nations were allocated their own spiritual god.

We need to search a little further to see if we can find any other Biblical support for one or other of the differing statements made in the various translations.

Biblical Evidence

It becomes clear in the few selected  passages of Scripture recorded below  that the planet Earth and all that live upon  it ( including the actions of human kind) would appear to be influenced by what we may call higher powers.

An interesting passage is found in 2 Chronicles 18.18

Ahab king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah (note that Judah and Israel are two separate kingdoms) are planning to go to war (v.3). As was the custom, the prophets were consulted – all 400 of them!(v.5). However, the prophet Micaiah was the only one through whom Yĕhovah spoke.

In verse 18 Micaiah speaks – Again he said, Therefore hear the word of the LORD ( Yĕhovah) ; I saw the LORD sitting upon his throne, and all the host of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left 19 And the LORD (Yĕhovah) said, Who shall entice Ahab king of Israel, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one spake saying after this manner, and another saying after that manner. 20 Then there came out a spirit , and stood before the LORD, and said, I will entice him. And the LORD (Yĕhovah)  said unto him, Wherewith? 21 And he said, I will go out, and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And the LORD said, Thou shalt entice him, and thou shalt also prevail: go out, and do even so.

Host of heaven – The word host translated from Hebrew – tsaba’ – army, war, warfare, host (of organised army), host (of angels), of sun, moon, and stars.

The word heaven translated from the Hebrew shamayim – visible heavens, sky, as abode of the stars. Heaven (as the abode of God)

The host of heaven are associated with spirit beings. The above verses clearly reveal the influence of  heavenly or celestial powers in the world. However, to which one of the 3 heavens mentioned in the Scriptures are these verses referring?

It should be noted that the Scriptures mention 3 different heavens. The English translations use mainly the one word–heaven–for all three. It is therefore necessary to identify which heaven is being alluded to when studying.

A hint as to just how the lying spirit achieves its mission brings to mind the following verse >Ephesians 2.2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:< . If we consider how we are all influenced by the air waves in our world, then perhaps the above verse in Ephesians gives us an indication as to how these influences are achieved?

It should also be noted that Ahab apparently could NOT be enticed from the position of the throne of Yĕhovah. The socalled spirit said I will go out, and Yĕhovah said go out and do even so. What is meant by go out and what powers the so–called spirit actually used to influence Ahab′s prophets I leave the reader to speculate upon. Perhaps verses 2 Chronicles 18.23, 24 gives us some indication? 23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah upon the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee? 24 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see on that day when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself. OR – Ezekiel 2.2 And the spirit entered into me when he spake unto me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard him that spake unto me.

We find a similar example in the Book of Job – see below*

In Hebrews 2.5, we are given to understand that it will NOT be angels who subject the world to come (Millennium?) – For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.  Are we to deduce from this statement that our present world is indeed heavily influenced, if not ruled, by powerful heavenly beings – angels? Albeit through the council of Yĕhovah.

The wording of 2 Chronicles 18.18 thro′ 21 in the KJV is similarly translated in the CJB, RSV, NRSV, Septuagint, and many other translations.


In the Book of Job (KJV) we also find passages of Scripture revealing that the sons (banah) of God (elohiym) appear to meet regularly (Job 1.6,7) – in council with the LORD (Yĕhovah) . We are also made aware that the Adversary is also among them – on occasion at least (Job 1.6,7). He is busy going to and fro in the earth and walking up and down in it. (Job 1.7). In verse 12, it is revealed that the Adversary is given the power, by command of Yĕhovah, to directly influence the life of Job, and make life so difficult for him that the Adversary expected that Job would end up cursing thee (Yĕhovah) to thy face. The manner in which the Adversary accomplishes this is not stated but the results of his influences are. Job 2.1 thro′ 6 gives a similar rendering.

Are we deduce from this that Satan, or Lucifer, as he was at one time called, was originally created a son of God? Ezekiel 28.15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. If this is actually the case then it appears that the sons of God can and do change from perfect to extremely imperfect – Not unlike the human race I would suggest? – More on this a little later.

Sons of God or Man?

It is here that we run into a problem that can, and does, cause problems when attempting to understand the Scriptures. There are those of the Christian faith who believe that as we humans are created beings then we are already the sons and daughters of God (Many within the LGBT+ community would perhaps disagree?). Others would claim that it was Adam and Eve who were the original creations of God, and thus could be called son and daughter of God. Human kind since that time has procreated through the physical union of man and woman. It would therefore be logical to call them sons and daughters of man.

Jesus Christ (Yĕhovah) (use the name most commonly in use), himself,   was called the Son of man because He was physically born of a woman on this earth. Example> Mathew 20.18 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death.

Mankind – Eccl. 1.13  And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God (‘elohiym)  given to the sons (ben) of man (‘adam) to be exercised therewith.

The Septuagint translates above verses in Job as angels of God rather than sons of God. The CJB uses the same wording as the KJV, as does the RSV. The NRSV translates as heavenly beings.

Note. That this world is heavily influenced by what we may call heavenly beings appears to be reinforced by taking a look at Mathew 4.1thro′11. However, just like Jesus Christ, we are commanded to reject any thought of worship of them.

Examples from KJV.

Colossians 2.18 Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels (aggelos) , intruding into those things which he hath not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind.

Jeremiah 2.19 And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet, because of all the houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods (‘elohiym)

There are many more examples of warnings given to both Israel and Judah regarding worshipping of strange gods. It was actually one of the greatest sins the children of Israel committed (and many continue to do so) if we consider the First Commandment.

God of this world – a prince among other princes?

If we hark back a moment to Ephesians 2.2, we read that the old Adversary (a heavenly being) is called a prince of the power of the air). In 2 Corinthians 4.4, he is called the god (theos) of this world. He is not the only heavenly being given the title of a prince in the Scriptures. If we look further in Daniel 10.5 we read how Daniel − Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz: 6 His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. Clearly, this was no ordinary man (verse 18) . What is interesting to us, with respect to the division of the nations, is that in verse 13, Daniel is informed by the man− But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.

Following this statement Daniel is informed (verse 14) Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days. If we move on to verse 20, Daniel is given to understand that − Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come 21 But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.

Although both the Adversary and Michael are called princes it should be noted that the Adversary appears to have dominance or a higher rank than Michael. Jude 1.9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord (kyrios) rebuke thee.

Lord – Greek – kyrios – 1. he to whom a person or thing belongs, about which he has power of deciding; master, lord. 2. the owner; one who has control of the person, the master. 3. this title is given to: God, the Messiah

It would appear that the above verses in Daniel are revealing to us that there are heavenly beings (princes) who have each been given charge of nations. Daniel 12.1 even reveals the name of one of the chief princes and over which nation he has been given charge – And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

If we return to Deuteronomy 32:8,9, then it would appear that the division of the nations was unlikely to have been set according to the number of the children of Israel? It would appear that the sons of god is a more accurate translation? If we look at Revelation 5.11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels (aggelos) round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands. It would therefore appear unlikely that the bounds of the people were set according to the number of the angels of God?

We could continue researching this topic, as there is much more to be gleaned from the Word of God. I will, however, leave it to the interested reader as I would like to continue this posting by directing attention to the council of Yĕhovah. It will be noted that it is Yĕhovah who heads–up the council and not ‘elyown – the Most High.

Heavenly Council

We continue by having a look at a rather disturbing passage of Scripture in Psalm 82. It only consists of 8 verses and I am going to quote all of them. However, as usual there are disagreements, among the learned, as to how this Psalm should be interpreted. It is understandable that there is disagreement as the Psalm is worded in such a way that different interpretations can be made with Biblical support for a number of them. I will give a very brief overview of some of the interpretations and allow the reader to decide which, if any, is the correct one.

Psalm 82.1 [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] God (‘elohiym) standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods (‘elohiym). 2 How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. 3 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. 4 Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked. 5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course. 6 I have said, Ye are gods (‘elohiym) ; and all of you are children of the most High(‘elyown). 7 But ye shall die like men (adam), and fall like one of the princes (sar). 8 Arise, O God (‘elohiym), judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations. 

Most Biblical translations of Psalm 82 concur with the KJV with some differences.

Septuagint – 1. God stands in the assembly of gods; and in the midst of them will judge gods… 6 I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you children of the Most High. 7 But ye die as men, and fall as one of the princes.

Complete Jewish Bible

1. [God] stands in the divine assembly; there with the elohim [judges], he judges:..
6 “My decree is: ‘You are elohim [gods, judges], sons of the Most High all of you. Nevertheless, you will die like mortals; like any prince, you will fall.
Hebrew Names Version1 God presides in the great assembly. He judges among the gods6 I said, “You are gods, All of you are sons of Ha`Elyon. 7 Nevertheless you shall die like men, And fall like one of the rulers.”
New Revised Version

1 God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:… 6 I say, “You are gods, children of the Most High, all of you; 7 nevertheless, you shall die like mortals, and fall like any prince.

Hebrew Bible in English

1 God standeth in the congregation of God; in the midst of the judges He judgeth:… 6 I said: Ye are godlike beings, and all of you sons of the Most High7 Nevertheless ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.’

So we come to the question of translation:

Sons of God – Mortal human beings?

There are those who interpret verse 1 as meaning that God is actually standing, or presiding, over the congregation, or assembly, of His inherited children of Israel (gods) through their leaders or judges. The children of Israel are often described as a congregation in the Old Testament. God is judging those who are responsible for upholding His laws (given at Sinai). among the Israelites. That He calls them gods is due to this being alluded to in John 10.34, 35 – Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? 35 If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came (John 1.1), and the scripture cannot be broken;

The word gods in John 10.34 is translated from the Greek word THEOS, which, depending on the context of the passage can also mean God′s representative, magistrates or judges. Exodus 21,22 & 23 could possibly be used to support this view?

If we take the view that the divine council, judges, great assembly, of gods, as stated in various translations are indeed mortal beings, appointed by God, responsible for the just rule of the nations, and not heavenly beings, it would appear rather illogical to state in verse 7, that ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.’ If they were mortal then it would hardly be necessary to remind them that they shall die like men? However, to fall like one of the princes (Adversary?) would be looked upon as a divine judgement due to their neglect, if not rejection, of God′s Laws as related in verse 2 thro′ 5. Their resurrection into the coming Kingdom as spirit born sons of God is in peril?  Perhaps the assembly of human judges had such a high opinion of themselves that they looked upon themselves as almost immortal? Nevertheless, they would end their days in exactly the same way as any other mortal being.

Another popular interpretation of these sons of God is found in Genesis 6. 1–5. When the sons of God (‘elohiym) came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them. These children became mighty men – possibly part divine and part mortal? – They could die. Greek mythology and the mythology of a number of other cultures also feature these so–called demigods. These beings displayed abilities above and beyond that of a natural mortal man. Pure speculation on my part, but verse 7 of psalm 82 – But ye shall die like men (‘adam), and fall like one of the princes, would then make sense

Let us see if there are any other indications that the sons of God are indeed mortal?

Luke 3.38, is sometimes used, by some, to confirm that the sons of God are indeed physical human being. In this chapter of Luke we are given the genealogy of Jesus.

The final verse 38 – Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

Another verse used to confirm this i Malachi 2.10 Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers?

As stated above – Others would claim that it was Adam and Eve who were the original creations of God, and thus could be called son and daughter of God. Mortal Human kind since the time of Adam have procreated through the physical union of man and woman. It would therefore be logical to call them sons and daughters of man (‘adam)?

Luke 20.34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage: 35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: 36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.

These three verses are referring to resurrected physical human beings, who being found worthy, will be resurrected from the dead and become spirit BORN sons and daughters of God. Verse 36 could also be interpreted to infer that the angels and the resurrected children of this world are equally classified as children of God?

Romans 8.14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.

In this mortal life, those who are led by the Spirit of God are only physically BEGOTTEN sons of God – with the potential to become spirit BORN on resurrection (John 3.6,7)

Sons of God – Immortal Beings?

Can we find any scriptural evidence for considering Psalm 82 as revealing an assembly of immortal beings (‘elohiym) in divine council with God (Yĕhovah)? God judges among the godsReturning to the Book of Job we find the council assembled in the first chapter, verse 6. Now there was a day when the sons of God (‘elohiym) came to present themselves before the LORD (Yĕhovah), and Satan came also among them.

The sons of God, they are sons, or children, of the Most High  – and all of you are children of the most High (‘elyown)(Psalm 82.6). God (Yĕhovah)  is portrayed as an ‘elohiym – judging among the gods – who are also ‘elohiym. Are these sons of God, as mentioned in Job, the same beings that are called angels in other passages of the Scriptures?

The Book of Hebrews appears to reveal to us two interesting truths. 1. That angels are NOT sons of God. 2. That Yĕhovah was anointed above all his fellows – including angels – Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they (Hebrews 1.4)

Hebrews 1.1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,…5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? 9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows….13 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation? (KJV)

Verse 9 is an exact repetition of Psalm 45.7. The word translated fellows is from the Hebrew word – chaber – associate, fellow, worshippers, companion.

In biblical terms the word chaber means bound or knitted together in the same fellowship but appearing as ONE MAN in rank and position – Example Judges 20.11
So all the men of Israel were gathered against the city, knit together as one man.
The phrase knit together is translated from the same Hebrew word translated as fellows–chaber
If Yĕhovah was anointed above all his fellows (Greek, metochos – a partner in work, office, dignity) , then it would appear that in the beginning Jesus Christ (Yĕhovah) had companions or partners of equal rank to himself? These partners are, along with Yĕhovah, a distinguished group of celestial beings who, it would appear, form the divine council. Yĕhovah, however, has been tested far beyond that of his fellows and has proved to His Father that He hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. Yĕhovah became the leader of the council on behalf of God the Father?  He has the superiority by being reckoned the firstborn.

His fellows in the divine council, according to Psalm 82, do not appear to have the same love of righteousness, and indeed appear not to be averse to allowing iniquity to flourish in the earth?– all the foundations of the earth are out of course They are to be harshly judged for failing to act as sons og God.

The leader of the council, Yĕhovah – Colossians 1.16 For by him (referring to Yĕhovah)  were all things created (John 1.3), that are in heaven, and that are in earth , visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: – Yĕhovah, as leader of the divine council, was acting on behalf of God the Father – His position as the FIRST BORN of every creature gave Him this right. Colossians1.15 appears to confirm this – Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature (KJV).

Yĕhovah, is also the only son of God who took human form in the flesh through physical birth – as far as is revealed in Scripture at least. Through His death and resurrection it has now become possible for physical, mortal humans to become BEGOTTEN (NOT Born Again as many people mistakenly believe) sons of God. It is only through spiritual development during a lifetime on this earth and the process of resurrection (there is more than one period or time of resurrection – Rev. 20.5, 6) after physical death that humans can potentially receive divine status as Spirit BORN sons of God – John 3.6  That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Hebrews 1.5, makes clear that angels and sons of God are two different types of celestial being – For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? The sons of God appear to have greater power than that of angels. However, both types appear to have a role to play as ministering spirits to those who are deemed worthy of being called the heirs of salvation (Heb. 1.14)

Sons of God – The elders?

Revelation 4.4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.

Could these elders, with crowns on their heads, be the actual sons of God? A crown denotes kingship. Fellows of Jesus Christ? Jesus, Himself, qualified to receive the kingship of this planet – but has not, as yet, claimed it from the present god of this world. It may be that some, or all, of these elders, with crowns on their head, are qualified rulers of other planets?

The sons of God are not mediators between God the Father and the human race on earth. That right and privilege was reserved for Christ alone – 1 Timothy 2.5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

At the Beginning

It would appear that the sons of God were in existence before the earth was created – Job 38.4 thro′7. When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? 

Rev.22.16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

Jesus Christ is called the only begotten son of God (1 John 4.9). While in His mortal body Jesus could only be a BEGOTTEN son of God. It would appear that God the Father and Yĕhovah took a monumental risk in allowing Yĕhovah to be born of a mortal woman into this world. He was subjected to the same temptations as any other mortal being. If he had succumbed to the temptations that this world has to offer then He would presumably have lost His position in the heavenly sphere and mankind would have lost their only mediator (1 Timothy 2.5).  

In other words Yĕhovah is a unique entity – begotten – Greek – monogenēs. May be from the root word menō. Can be reference to state or condition. To remain as one, not to become another or different. Certainly applies to Jesus Christ – Unfortunately (or rather fortunately), the carnal human condition does require change.

1 Peter 3.22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.

Sons of God are certainly not angels.

Deuteronomy 32.8,9

To finally return to Deuteronomy 32.8,9 it may be possible for us to accept – or not – that the translation of these verses in the Revised Standard Version and the NRSV are the most accurate? The nations were divided according to the number of the gods, or, the number of the sons of God. Psalm 82 would appear to support this conclusion? The Septuagint LXX states that the nations were divided according to the number of angels of god. Revelation 5.11, appears to refute that.

There are 195 countries in the world today. This total comprises 193 countries that are member states of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-member observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine. See following URL.

So who are these SONS of GOD? – I leave the interested reader to reach their own conclusion.

Thank you for taking the time to read through this posting!


THE Family 2

Continued from previous posting


Which Lord – ‘god’?

So when we call on ‘The Lord’ or/and on ‘God’ in prayer – who are we speaking to?

Most English translations of the Scriptures do not give the name of the God of Israel, but the names of a number of false gods are given. The Scriptures are quite specific in stating that we are to remember the name of the God of Israel – His name is – He inherited the children of Jacob – He would appear to have inherited them from the ‘Most High God’ (‘Elyown).

Now the word ‘Elyown, is derived from the root word – `alah – which is a name known to a great many believers of another faith that is prevalent on this planet of ours – The descendants of Ishmael – Yishma`e’l – “God will hear” – derived from the root words shama` and ‘el.

So if we wish to call on the ‘Most High God’ through Yĕhovah, what name will we use?

Note: I should mention here that I am not a member of the church that is colloquially known as Jehovah’s Witness or a member of the Islamic community (Islamic communities appear to be in just as much disagreement as those members of so-called Christian communities). In an attempt to avoid misunderstandings it is recommended that the Quran is only studied in its original Arabic language ”because no other language can come close to conveying the diversity of meanings as compared to Arabic”. We can see that this recommendation has not fulfilled its promise; if we take a look at events occurring in the Middle East and further a field.

So, if we speak to the Lord in prayer we need to ensure we are on the correct frequency by mentioning His correct name – Jesus Christ doesn’t appear to be correct? However, after stating that, there are those who are of the opinion that it is not particularly important what name we use, whether it is the Hebrew, Greek, English or call on His name in a multitude of other languages. Perhaps not, but as noted in the previous posting, calling on the Lord could leave one calling on one, or more, of many other gods?

Jesus – Greek Iēsous (proper masculine noun) – meaning – “Jehovah is salvation“- derived from the Hebrew word – Yĕhowshuwa`- יהושוע or יהושע, which in turn is derived from the Hebrew root words – Yĕhovah and yasha` (to be saved).

The Hebrew words  יהושוע or יהושע translate to the English name Joshua

Christ – Greek Christos (adjective) – meaning ‘anointed’ – Not a name.

Yĕhowshuwa` would appear to be Jesus correct name translated from the Hebrew language – sometimes written as: Yeshua, YHWH, YaHVeH, Yahweh and as Joshua in the English language.

I am not an expert in linguistics, so will leave the interested reader to make their own decision regarding the importance of The Name. If one feels comfortable and connected by using the name you are accustomed to using, then perhaps it would be sensible to continue using that name?

Some scriptural references regarding the name:

Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

Scriptural Names are important – and have meaning – your Creator knows your name – shouldn’t we know His – and use it?

Hosea 2:17 For I will take from her mouth the names of the Baalim(Ba’al = “lord”), And they shall be remembered by their name no more.

Isaiah 12:4 And in that day you will say: “Praise the Lord (Yĕhowshuwa`), call upon His name; Declare His deeds among the peoples, Make mention that His name is exalted.

Isaiah 42:8 I am the Lord (Yĕhowshuwa`), that is My name; And My glory I will not give to another, Nor My praise to carved images.

Malachi 2:2 If you will not hear, And if you will not take it to heart, To give glory to My name,” Says the Lord (Yĕhowshuwa`) of hosts, “I will send a curse upon you, And I will curse your blessings. Yes, I have cursed them already, Because you do not take it to heart.

Psalm 105:1 Oh, give thanks unto the Lord (Yĕhowshuwa`)! Call upon His name; Make known His deeds among the peoples!

Psalms 116:17- I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the name of the Lord (Yĕhowshuwa`)

Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, the Lord (Yĕhowshuwa`) is my God (‘elohiym).


Most English translations of the Scriptures omit the NAME of the God of Israel – Intentionally? If you call on ‘The Lord’ or on ‘God’, who exactly are you calling?

It is reasonably clear from the above that Yĕhowshuwa` is only one of an unknown number of ‘elohiym. However, He is the only one who inherited the children of Jacob, and planned to develop this nation of people strictly according to the Laws of the Most High God (‘elyown).

The Most High had a plan of development for this peculiar nation and it was Yĕhowshuwa` who was to lead the nation and develop the people into an exemplary nation to all other nations.

The people became stiff-necked then, and have become even more stiff-necked today – hence the trouble His people found themselves in anciently – and throughout history up to the present today.

Other nations at that time clearly had their own ‘gods’ (‘elohiym); many of these other nations became very powerful and highly developed – some of these nations even became, through conquest, empires. Many of these ‘other gods’ or ‘strange gods’ (‘elohiym) were, and indeed are, very powerful.

Gods at War

The Scriptures mention a great number of battles between various nations and the children of Israel. As long as Israel was obedient to the Laws of the Most High God (‘elyown), then their God (Yĕhowshuwa`) ensured their victory and the nation prospered. When disobedience became rooted in their lifestyle – eventual defeat and ruin was guaranteed – although always after a warning had been given.

Yĕhowshuwa` was appointed (inherited) the children of Jacob – the people who were to become Israel. All nations appear to have an appointed ‘elohiym, as indeed do individuals. Psalm 91:9 Because thou hast made the LORD (Yĕhowshuwa`), which is my refuge, even the most High (‘elyown), thy habitation; 10 There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. 11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.

The word angels in verse 11 above is translated from the Hebrew word מַלְאָךְ –  mal’ak. Depending on the context of the verse in which the word מַלְאָךְ appears, it can also mean to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically, of God, i.e. an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher):—ambassador, angel, king, messenger.

The Scriptures mention (by name) a number of the above who came into contact with the children of Israel.

The gods of all nations appear to enjoy conflict – both anciently and up to the present day – just look at the world around us – conflict, disagreement, competition, wars and rumours of war.

Such is the self chosen destiny of mankind – for a TIME. According to Scripture, mankind will become so SELF-Centred and divorced from the true teachings of His Creator that they will be on the verge of complete annihilation (the protective shield broken and crumbling) if higher powers do not step-in to halt the mayhem brought about by the increasing rejection of certain unbreakable Laws.

Daniel 4:13 I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and an holy one came down from heaven;…17 This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High (`illay (Aramaic) ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men.

Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities (archē), against powers (exousia), against the rulers (kosmokratōr-lord of the world, prince of this age) of the darkness of this world (aiōn – period of time, age), against spiritual wickedness in high (epouranios-the heavenly regions) places.

Deut. 31:29 For I know that after my death ye will utterly corrupt yourselves, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days; because ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD (Yĕhowshuwa`), to provoke him to anger through the work of your hands.


 I am sure that many people would like to think that their God knew them before their physical birth. That does not appear to the case; even Jacob (Israel) appears to have been an unknown NAME to his God before his remarkable battle with a man’? Rather mysterious considering that previous to this meeting he had already met with the ‘angels of God’. Gen.32:1 And Jacob went on his way, and the angels (mal’ak) of God (‘elohiym) met him.

 Gen.32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. This could be no ordinary ‘man’, Jacob asked for a blessing from himverse 26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.

The ‘man’ asks for Jacob’s name in verse 27, and Jacob gives it. The next verse reveals that the ‘man’ then changes Jacob’s name to Israel. Jacob apparently has no idea of the name of the ‘man’ for in verse 30 he asks for the man’s name, without receiving it! – And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there.

 Now, names are important in Scripture and not to be taken or given lightly. However, they do have a habit of changing – even the name that God reveals to His inheritance

 Exodus 3:15 And God (‘elohiym) said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD (Yĕhovah) God (elohiym) of your fathers, the God (elohiym) of Abraham, the God (elohiym) of Isaac, and the God (elohiym) of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name (shem) for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

Exodus 6:3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God (‘el) Almighty (Shadday), but by my name (shem) JEHOVAH (Yĕhovah) was I not known to them.

 God’s messengers are also loath to give of their names: Judges 13:18 And the angel (mal’ak) of the LORD (Yĕhovah) said unto him (Manoah, father of Samson), Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is secret (pil’iy)?

Secret – Hebrew – פִּלְאִי – pil’iy– meaning – wonderful, incomprehensible, extraordinary.

Perhaps the name is not actually so secret – but the true name or the true meaning of the name would perhaps be incomprehensible to mere mortals? In the English version of the Complete Jewish Bible the word ‘wonderful’ is used instead of the word ‘secret’. Then again there may be more of a meaning to the name than is required to be revealed to man-kind.

There are many passages of Scripture that state that the God of the ‘children of Israeldoes want His name (as revealed to them) to be used.



THE Family!

This posting, along with the following one to come, are extracted from postings I have previously made on another blog–site that is no longer in use. I believe the matters raised here should be of fundamental interest to all that call themselves Christian–no matter which of the many denominations one may belong to!

All Scriptural quotes from KJV unless otherwise stated

The following started by looking at two verses of Scripture – Deut.32:8,9. Although reasonably lengthy, it is by no means comprehensive – a good deal has been omitted for the sake of brevity (at least that was the plan!).

It started off, as is often the case, in one direction and then took a number of different routes – hardly the straight and narrow path – then again if we read Isaiah 28:10 (here a little, there a little) – perhaps the method used is satisfactory? However, that does not mean that the journey is completed or that I have arrived at the correct or final destination.

This posting is not meant to give answers, but perhaps food for the interested mind?

Deut.32:8 When the most High (עֶלְיוֹן‘elyown) divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam (אָדָם man, mankind), he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. 9 For the LORD’S (יְהֹוָה Yĕhovah) portion [is] his people; Jacob [is] the lot of his inheritance (KJV)

More than ONE God?     

It will be noted in the above verse that Yĕhovah does NOT appear to have CHOSEN His people – He INHERITED them – from whom? – ‘elyown (Supreme Most High God). It was not only the Jews (Judah) that He inherited, but ALL THE CHILDREN OF JACOB (Israel).

Before we go further it would perhaps be advantageous to state that there are those who believe that the above verse, when referring to the ‘Most High’ and to ‘the Lord’, is referring to one and the same being – i.e. Yĕhovah and ‘elyown are ONE and the same being.

John 1:1-3 would appear, to my mind, to negate that belief – In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

Concerning the division of the nations – The descendants of Noah are believed to have divided them by divine direction? – Gen.10:1-5, could be used to verify this statement.  However, the children of Israel (Jacob) were not in existence at that time, but as it is Moses who is given credit for writing the book of Deuteronomy then the children of Israel would have existed in his day.  This presents a problem that we will not be investigating in this posting. Hopefully, a fuller explanation will be proposed in a future posting.

עֶלְיוֹן – ‘elyown – adjective, masculine noun- Highest, Most High- from root word- עָלָה – `alah – to go up, ascend, climb; to excel, be superior to; to be exalted.

That may be a surprise for many people–the root word – `alah

יְהֹוָה – Yĕhovah – proper noun with reference to deity- “the existing One”

Other Gods?

Disregarding the problem encountered in Deut. 32:8,9, it can be ascertained through study of the Scriptures that the LORD’S portion is His people (Jacob, or subsequently all the children of Israel). Nevertheless it does lead us on to ask ourselves the question: Who were/are all the other nations of the earth apportioned too?

 Elyown is a Hebrew word meaning “Most High God” as used in the Old Testament. And it is used as a descriptive title (adjective) for the Father. The ‘Most High God’ is a God (el) above all other gods (elohiym).

Psalm 57:2 I will cry unto God (‘elohiym – pluralized/pluralized intensive [singular] form of ‘el ) most high (‘elyown); unto God (‘el) that performeth all things for me.

The most High (elyown) divided the nations and the LORD’S (Yĕhovah’s) portion is Israel.

Most High – עֶלְיוֹן – ‘elyown – Highest, Most High, name of God, of rulers, either monarchs or angel-princes. – The Scriptures reveal to us at least one ‘angel-prince’ who desired to be raised on high!

‘the LORD’S’ – יְהֹוָה – Yĕhovah – “the existing One” – the proper name of the one true God – unpronounced except with the vowel pointings of H0136 (אֲדֹנָי – ‘Adonay – Lord – title, spoken in place of Yahweh in Jewish display of reverence – which appears to be a decision taken by man and not ‘the LORD’).

If we backtrack a little to Deut.32:3, we find that it is revealed that ‘the LORD’ will publish His name – ‘Because I will publish the name of the LORD (Yĕhovah) ascribe ye greatness unto our God’ (‘elohiym)

God’s name omitted

In many (not all) English translations of the Bible we find that His NAME has been omitted and replaced by ‘the Lord’ or ‘the LORD’, ‘Lord God’, ‘God’ etc.

Note: We need be careful when interpreting the meaning of the word ‘elohiym as used in the Scriptures – it needs to be interpreted in the context of the passage being studied and whether the word is meant to be understood in its pluralized or pluralized intensive form.

Gen.1:1 In the beginning God (‘elohiym [plural or plural intensive?]) created the heaven and the earth (‘erets).

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word ( λόγος – logos) was with God, and the Word was God.

 The ‘Word’ – ‘logos’– a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea.1) a word , 2) the sayings of God,  3) decree, mandate or order,  4) of the moral precepts given by God , 5) Old Testament prophecy given by the prophets,  6) what is declared, a thought, declaration, aphorism, a weighty saying, a dictum, a maxim

‘The Word was with God’ – ‘logos ēn pros theos’

The Greek word for God – ‘theos’ – in the polytheism of the Greeks, denoted “a god or general name of deity or divinities” e.g., Act 14:11; 19:26; 28:6; 1Corinth. 8:5; Gal 4:8.   The word was appropriated by Jews and retained by Christians to denote “the one true God.” In the Septuagint, theos translates (with few exceptions) the Hebrew words Elohiym and Yĕhovah , the former indicating His power and pre-eminence, the latter His unoriginated, immutable, eternal and self-sustained existence. (Source: Vines dictionary of NT words).

However, the ‘Word’ (logos) was (is) a ‘God’ in his own right – kai logos theos. It would appear that we have a problem here in deciding whether the ‘logos’ was and is God, or, if the ‘Logos’ is, and always has been, ONE OF A NUMBER OF ‘GODS’, in His own right (Elohiym – pluralized form of El).

The word God that is found in John 1:1, 2 is a translation of the Greek word – Theos – According to Strong’s Concordat meaning – Godhead, trinity, a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities, spoken of the only and true God, whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resembles him in any way, God’s representative or vice-regent.

It would appear that John’s inspired gospel reveals to us the true meaning of ‘theos’, in the context of the verses – namely, the Word or Logos is not God, or the Most High God (elyown), but is the Son of God, and hence is a God (part of the God family) That is why, in John 1:1, 2, John refers to God and to the Word ( Logos) as a God, to show that there is a difference between the two – they are not one and the same being.

Adam is also referred to as [the son] of God – Luke 3:38 Which was [the son] of Enos, which was [the son] of Seth, which was [the son] of Adam, which was [the son] of God.

It will be noted that ‘the son’ is placed within brackets denoting that it has been added to the original text. However, we can appreciate the reasoning behind the decision to include it – Acts 17:28, can reasonably be said to clarify one reason for inclusion: ″For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring″.

So it could be said that the Father is God because of his authority. However, God the author also sends messengers with his authority, so when our Father anoints someone to speak His words, that person is given the title ‘god’ whether it be an angel or a person. In addition, someone or something that takes the place of God is also called a god, or a false god.

Example: 2 Corinth 4:4 – ‘god (theos) of this world’

It is apparent from a study of the Scriptures that there are indeed other ‘gods’ (Elohiym). The first commandment indicates that there are, otherwise it would hardly have been necessary to state in Exodus 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods (Elohiym) before me?

A number of other scriptural verses state the same: Examples, Exodus 23:13 – the names of other gods were obviously well known; Judges 10:13 – other gods were ‘served’; Jeremiah 25:6; Jeremiah 44:5.

Those ‘other gods’ are clearly those who have charge over other nations – often called Gentile.

Heb.1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir (in Messianic usage, one who receives his allotted possession by right of sonship- i.e. inheritance) of all things, by whom also he made the world; (αἰών – aiōn– period of time, age)

The above verse is not a reference to creating the Universe (‘made the worlds’) but is referring to the different world ages that have preceded and include our own age, along with the coming (future) world age(s) – on this planet.

Jesus Christ was, and is, an ‘elohiym, but He was, and is not, elyown – the Most High – as He Himself repeatedly inferred when speaking of His Father (πατήρ – patēr – metaphorically speaking, the authors of a family or society of persons animated by the same spirit as himself).

This is truly the great purpose behind the  wonderful creation by elyown – God attempting to create his own spiritual family – using His own spirit to assist in the process of POTENTIALLY creating beings with a mind that functions along the same lines as His own. Our minds certainly do not function HIS WAY at present, and have certainly not done so in the past – Isaiah 55:8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD (Yĕhovah)

The Holy Bible is a compendium of books (many books have not been included as they were thought – by men of a certain order – not to be divinely inspired) concerning, and primarily written for, the children of Israel.

 Some other ‘gods’

We shall not enumerate all the possible ‘gods’ that appear, according to Scripture, to have charge over nations – or at least charge over the peoples of nations. We will take some examples that appear to have been popular with ancient Israel and remain popular to this day – under different guises.

Baal is mentioned 63 times in 51 verses of the KJV – 62 times in the OT but only once in the NT – Romans 11:4 – But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to [the image of] Baal.

Each year as Christmas is celebrated, millions ‘bow the knee’ and dance around the tree.

This practice is ancient – Jeremiah. 10:3 For the customs of the people [are] vain: for [one] cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe. 4 They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers,that it move not.

2 Kings 17:9 And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the LORD (Yĕhovah) their God (elohiym), and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. 10 And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree:

1 Kings 18:24 And call ye on the name of your gods (elohiym), and I will call on the name of the Lord (Yĕhovah): and the God (elohiym) that answereth by fire, let him be God (elohiym). And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken.

The prophet Elijah (EliYah) spoke those words. He said “call ye on the name of your elohiym, and I will call on the name of the Lord” (Yĕhovah). What was the name of their elohiym?

It was Ba`al – The translation of the word Ba`al in the Hebrew language is – “lord”; the supreme male divinity of the Phoenicians or Canaanites. However, it was not only Ba`al(the lord) who was worshipped by the Israelite nation; if we take a look at verse 1 Kings 18:19 of the same chapter, we find that EliYah commands King Ahab to summon the ‘prophets of the grove’ along with the prophets of Ba`al to Mt. Carmel.

Prophets of the groves: Ashera(h) = “groves (for idol worship)”; Babylonian (Astarte)-Canaanite goddess – the supposed consort of Baal; her image.

Ashtaroth or Astaroth – translated from the Hebrew word – `Ashtarowth – meaning – “star”

Judges 2:13 And they forsook the LORD (Yĕhovah), and served Baal and Ashtaroth. The whole nation had abandoned YHVH (Yĕhovah) and paid homage to ‘strange gods’– idolatry.

1 Kings 18:26 And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal (Ba`al – lord) from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.

During the Israelites exodus from Egypt it is revealed that they melted down what gold they had and Aaron moulded a ‘golden calf’, saying – ‘’ These be thy gods (elohiym), O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt’’ (Exodus 32:4)

When Moses returned from Mt. Sinai he found the children of Israel worshipping a calf. That a calf was chosen to represent the ‘strange gods’ is no great surprise if we consider that the Israelites had lived for generations in Egypt and were well acquainted with the pantheon of Egyptian gods. On a human level understandable – they were the only ‘gods’ generations of Israelites had known.

Apis Bull

It would be reasonable for us to assume (always dangerous to assume but will do so this time) that the calf represented the Apis Bull. Apis was one of the most important of all the sacred animals in Egypt. The bull was the incarnation of a god, but unlike the other animal totems ,  that only provided a link to the god, the Apis was thought to host the god himself. The Apis bull was originally viewed  as among the first animals associated with divinity and eternity. It was originally a god of fertility, then the herald of the god Ptah but, in time, was considered Ptah incarnate. He was also, in some eras, depicted as the son of Hathor and was closely associated with her goodness and bounty. It is claimed by certain people that Osiris and Isis are also linked to the Babylonian/Assyrian couple, Nimrod (the son of Cush, grandson of Ham, and great-grandson of Noah) and Semiramis. There is no direct evidence of this claim as far as I can ascertain.

The photograph of the sculpture below on the right entitled “The Removal of Europa,” was a gift from Crete to the European Parliament in 2005.

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    Apis Bull                                                                                      Removal of Europa – located in Strasbourg 



Displayed on all EU residence permits

                                                                                                  Holy in India



Holy in Wall Street

There are many countries that appear to find the ‘bull’ an attraction. In Spain they fight them of course – as a national sport!

Perhaps the most well-known example in the USA is the ‘Wall Street Bull’ – Thoughtfully and purposefully positioned (perhaps?) on Wall Street in New York City.

 Judgement of Egyptian ‘gods’- Angels?

Exodus 12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods (‘elohiym) of Egypt I will execute judgment: I [am] the LORD (Yĕhovah). – See also Num.33:4

Heavy punishment was meted out, not only to the Egyptians, but also to their ‘gods’.

The word ‘gods’ translated from the Hebrew word: ‘elohiym.

Meaning: rulers, judges, divine ones, angels, gods, god, goddess, godlike one – Just who were these so-called ‘gods’ of Egypt? – They have already been judged!

If we take a look at 2 Peter 2:4, it is revealed that the angels that sinned have not yet been judged but cast down to hell (tartaroō) to be reserved unto judgement. See also Jude 1:6

The word ‘judgement’ in above two verses is translated from the Greek word ‘krisis’ – meaning – a separating, sundering, and separation, a trial, contest, selection, judgment.

The word ‘judgement’ in Exodus 12:12 is translated from the Hebrew word ‘shephet’ – meaning – judgment, act of judgment – as in punishment.

The ‘gods’ of Egypt (at the time of the Exodus at least) would therefore not appear to have been sinning angels as they have yet to be judged, according to Scripture?

The Egyptian Pharaohs were themselves looked upon as ‘gods’ by their own people, so are we to look upon God’s judgement of Egyptian ‘gods’ (plural) as a punishment of both the living and the dead Pharaoh’s (Orion – Osiris)? Job 38:31 Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?

The worship of other nations ‘gods’, in idol form, was not only confined to the Israelite nations who resided in the northern kingdom (house of Israel). It was also a well-developed practice in Judea (Judah), where the false prophets attempted to erase THE NAME of the God of Jacob.

Jeremiah 23:25 I have heard what the prophets said, that prophesy lies in my name, saying, I have dreamed, I have dreamed. 26 How long shall this be in the heart of the prophets that prophesy lies? yea, they are prophets of the deceit of their own heart; 27 Which think to cause my people to forget my name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbour, as their fathers have forgotten my name for Ba`al.

The information revealed in the above verses makes it abundantly clear that false prophets KNEW THE NAME but worked diligently to drive remembrance of that name out of the minds of Judah and substitute another name – a ‘strange god’– Ba`al – meaning – ‘lord’

Num.25:3 – And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.

Baal-peor is a masculine noun for “lord of the gap”, and ‘Peor’ for a “mount” in Moab The real name of the idol was Chemosh (the national deity of the Moabites and a god of the Ammonites), and his rites of worship were celebrated by the grossest obscenity.   In participating in this festival the Israelites committed the double offence of idolatry and licentiousness. He is also identified with ‘Baal-zebub’, ‘Mars’ and ‘Saturn’ (Judges 11:24 – Wilt not thou possess that which Chemosh thy god (elohiym) giveth thee to possess?…) Worship of this god was introduced into Jerusalem by Solomon and abolished by King Josiah of Judah (2 Kings 23). Chemosh is also referred to as “Asthor-Chemosh” in the Moabite Stone inscriptions

 To Be Continued


Now that we are coming toward the end of what many call the holidays or festive season we could perhaps ask ourselves what it is that people who call themselves Christians are actually celebrating during the Christmas and New Year period?

Perhaps these traditions allude to the traditions of men (and women of course) rather than the Holy Days of our Creator?

The origins of Christmas are to be found in ancient practices. Not until the fourth century A.D. did the Roman Catholic Church give this longstanding ancient custom its Christian-sounding name. The birth of Christ was not celebrated by the early New Testament church. Christ’s name has no Scriptural basis for being associated with the winter solstice, or for celebration of this man-made festive season.

The Christmas Tree

Jeremiah 10:1 Hear ye the word which the LORD (Yĕhovah) speaketh unto you, O house of Israel: 2 Thus saith the LORD (Yĕhovah), Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them. 3 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe. 4 They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. 5 They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good. — 21 For the pastors are become brutish, and have not sought the LORD: therefore they shall not prosper, and all their flocks shall be scattered.

 1 Kings 14:23 For they also built them high places, and images, and groves, on every high hill, and under every green tree.

 Read also Deut.12:2, 2Kings16:4, 2Chronicles 28:4. – Plus even more ungodly references to the ‘green tree’ for those willing to search. They are all associated with idolatry and false worship.

It will be noted that Yĕhovah is speaking to the ‘House of Israel’ (v.1) through His servant Jeremiah.

A rather remarkable warning considering that Jeremiah lived among the house of Judah, while the house of Israel had long since been removed from their land by the Assyrians?

However, that is another story!